mesoAmerican pyramids‎

This is a list of MesoAmerican pyramids or ceremonial structures. In most cases they are not true pyramids. There are hundreds of these done in many different styles throughout Mexico and Central America. These were made by several preColumbian cultures including the Olmecs, Maya, Toltecs, and Aztecs. In most cases they were made by city states that created many structure in the same style. The style for each city state is usually different. These are usually made out of stone and mortar but some of the earliest may have been made out of clay.

Site Name of pyramid Culture Base length (m) Height (m) Inclination Approximate time of construction Function Notes Image
Altun Ha, Belize Maya 16 200 to 900 CE
Caracol, Belize Caana Maya 43 A triadic pyramid, the highest man-made structure in Belize
Caracol, Belize Temple of the Wooden Lintel Maya
Lamanai, Belize The High Temple Maya 33 PreClassic Period
Lamanai, Belize The Temple of the Jaguar Maya 20 PreClassic Period
Lubaantun, Belize Maya 730 to 890 CE Lubaantun's structures are mostly built of large stone blocks laid with no mortar, primarily black slate rather than the limestone typical of the region.
Lubaantun, Belize Maya 730 to 890 CE Lubaantun includes many small step pyramids as well as the larger one.
Nim Li Punit, Belize Maya tallest 12.2 400 to 800 CE Nim Li Punit has several small step pyramids.
Xunantunich, Belize El Castillo Maya 40 600 to 900 CE
San Andrés, El Salvador the Bell of San Andrés Maya 600 to 900 CE This is a scale model of structure 5. There are several other smaller structures that may be similar to pyramids on the site.
Tazumal, El Salvador Maya 250 to 900 CE
Aguateca, Guatemala Maya 6 760 to 830 CE This temple pyramid was left unfinished when the city was abandoned.
Dos Pilas, Guatemala LD-49 Maya 20 after 629 CE This pyramid's main stairway (known as Hieroglyphic Stairway 2) contains at least eighteen hieroglyphic steps.
Dos Pilas, Guatemala El Duende Maya after 629 CE This temple pyramid was built by enlarging and terracing a natural hill some way from the site core, giving the impression of a single massive structure.
Kaminaljuyu, Guatemala Maya 250 CE Kaminaljuyu contains some 200 platforms and pyramidal mounds at least half of which were made before 250 CE. Some of these were used to hold temples on top.
El Mirador, Guatemala La Danta Maya 72 300 BCE to 100 CE La Danta pyramid temple has an estimated volume of 2,800,000 cubic meters which makes it one of the largest pyramids in the world.
El Mirador, Guatemala El Tigre Maya 55 300 BCE to 100 CE
Mixco Viejo, Guatemala Maya 1100 to 1500 CE
Tikal, Guatemala Maya 47
Copán, Honduras Maya Copán has several overlapping step-pyramids.
Bonampak, Mexico The Temple of the Murals Maya 580 to 800 CE
Calakmul, Mexico The Great Pyramid Maya 55
Chichen Itza, Mexico El Castillo Maya 55.3 30
Cholula, Mexico The Great Pyramid of Cholula Xelhua 450 sq. 66 300 BCE - 800 CE The largest pyramid and the largest manmade monument anywhere in the New world.
Coba, Mexico The Nohoch Mul pyramid Maya 42 500 to 900 CE
Coba, Mexico La Iglesia Maya 20 500 to 900 CE
Coba, Mexico Crossroads Temple Maya 500 to 900 CE
Comalcalco, Mexico Temple 1 Maya 20 600 BCE to 900 CE The city's buildings were made from fired-clay bricks held together with mortar made from oyster shells. The use of bricks at Comalcalco was unique among Maya sites, and many of them are decorated with iconography and/or hieroglyphs.
El Tajín, Mexico Pyramid of the Niches Classic Veracruz 18
La Venta, Mexico The Great Pyramid Olmec 33 This is one of the earliest pyramids known in Mesoamerica. It was made out of an estimated 100,000 cubic meters of earth fill.
Moral-Reforma Mexico Conjunto 14 Maya 37
Palenque, Mexico Temple of the Cross Maya
Palenque, Mexico Temple of the Inscriptions Maya
Santa Cecilia Acatitlan, Mexico Aztec In 1962, the architect and archaeologist Eduardo Pareyon Moreno reconstructed and reinforced the pyramid's basement and rebuilt the temple that crowns it.
Tenayuca, Mexico Aztec 62 by 50 This is the earliest example yet found of the typical Aztec double pyramid, which consists of joined pyramidal bases supporting two temples.
Tenochtitlan, Mexico Templo Mayor Aztec 100 by 80 1390 to 1500 CE Tenochtitlan was destroyed by the Spanish. Recreations of this and other pyramids are based on historical text and archaeological ruins.
Tenochtitlan, Mexico Aztec 1325 to 1521 CE Tenochtitlan was destroyed by the Spanish. Recreations the city are based on historical text and archaeological ruins. This site once included at least half a dozen pyramids.
Teotihuacan, Mexico Pyramid of the Sun Teotihuacano 223.5 71.2 32.494 2 A.D. There are also dozens of platforms 4 stories high lining the Avenue of the Dead at Teotihuacan. These each step in each story and they have a stair way to the top in front of the platforms.
Teotihuacan, Mexico Pyramid of the Moon Teotihuacano 43 2 A.D.
El Tepozteco, Mexico Aztec 1502 CE
Tula, Hidalgo, Mexico Toltec
Uxmal, Mexico Pyramid of the Magician Maya
Uxmal, Mexico La Gran Pyramide Maya
Xochicalco, Mexico Temple of the Feather Serpent 200 BCE to 900 CE
Xochicalco, Mexico 200 BCE to 900 CE This is one of several other step-pyramid temples in addition to the Temple of the Feather Serpent
Xochitecatl, Mexico The Pyramid of Flowers 100 by 140 the preClassic Period
Xochitecatl, Mexico The Spiral Building 700 BCE This is a circular stepped pyramid. The interior of the structure consists of volcanic ash. The building has no stairway giving access to the top, it was climbed by following the spiral form of the building itself.
Yaxchilan, Mexico Maya 600 to 900 CE This is one of the pyramids on the upper terrace of Yaxchilan

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